Ischyja marapok Holloway, 2005 -

Taxonomic Information

 

Ischyja Hübner, [1823] species known from the Indian subcontinent. 

Ischyja marapok Holloway, 2005. Indian subregion, Andaman Is.; Borneo (TL). 

Ischyja hemiphaea (Hampson, 1926) (Potamophora). India, Andaman Is.; Singapore (TL). 

Ischyja manlia Cramer, [1776] (Phalaena (Noctua)). TL: “Coromandel”, Tamil Nadu. Indian subregion; Myanmar. 

Ischyja ferrifracta (Walker, [1863]) (Potamophora). TL: Borneo.

Ischyja inferna Swinhoe, 1902. India; Sri Lanka; Borneo (TL).

Ischyja hagenii (Snellen, 1885). India: Mizoram; Indonesia (TL: Sumatra). 
 

Ischyja Hübner, [1823] males identification summary, drawn up by SS. Many individuals are best separated by genitalia. 

Ischyja inferna: Oblique shape of reniform and shape of loop mark near dorsum.

Ischyja ferrifracta: Pale wedge at forewing apex in both sexes. 

Ischyja hagenii: geometrically marked greyish forewings. Can be confused with extralimital species Ischyja anna. 

Ischyja manlia: pale marginal outer half of forewing; pale stigmata with dark edging (marapok has stigmata with pale egding) ; no purplish tint other than longitudinal streak, which is bordered inwards by a dark longitudinal streak. UNF: blue postmedial fascia which is broader posteriorly. 

Ischyja hemiphaea: Dark basal half; pale marginal half, with dark zig-zag line from apex. Three black dentate marks beyond cell area. Reniform kidney-shaped (with possible black marks in the reniform). 

Ischyja marapok: strong purplish tint to forewing, the stigmata are contained in a black longitudinal zone in the cell, stigmata with pale edging. Reniform kidney shaped. There is a dumbell-shaped black streak more centrally that contains whitish marks antemedially and postmedially indicating the position of the medial loop from the dorsum.

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh1
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh1
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala1
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland11
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal11
Total1132
  1. Ischyja marapok Holloway, 2005. Malayan Nature J. 58 (1-4): 139; TL: Borneo
  2. Kononenko, V. S. & A. Pinratana. 2005. Moths of Thailand, Volume 3: Noctuidae. An Illustrated Catalogue of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) in Thailand: Part 1: Herminiinae, Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Catocalinae, Aganainae, Euteliinae, Stictopterinae, Plusiinae, Pantheinae, Acronictinae and Agaristinae. Brothers of St. Gabriel in Thailand, Bangkok. 261 pp. + 45 pls. pl. 32/4 as Ischyja sp.
  3. Kononenko, V. S. & A. Pinratana. 2013. Moths of Thailand, Volume 3: Noctuoidea Part 2: Addendum to Vol. 3, Part 1, Families Erebidae, Nolidae, Euteliidae, Noctuidae and Checklist. Brothers of St. Gabriel in Thailand, Bangkok. 625 pp. + 55 pls.Pl. 17/2. 
  4. Sondhi, Y., S. Sondhi, S. R. Pathour, & K. Kunte. 2018. Moth diversity (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) of Shendurney and Ponmudi in Agastyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Kerala, India, with notes on new records. Tropical Lepidoptera Research, 28(2).Image 109. 
  5. Chandra, K., Kumar, V., Singh, N., Raha, A., Sanyal, A.K.2019. Assemblages of Lepidoptera in Indian Himalaya through long term monitoring plots. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 1-457 pp. Pl. 126.3. 
  6. http://www.mothsofborneo.com/part-15-16/miscellaneous_i/miscellaneousi_3_7.php 
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Ischyja marapok Holloway, 2005 – . In Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, R.P. Singh, P. Roy and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.74. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://moths.ncbs.res.in/ischyja-marapok, accessed 2024/07/17.